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Strong Dyke, Stay Safe!

SarminiB02HR4307Who Basuki Rakhmat
Position Controlling Section Head
Organisation BPBD (Local Disaster Handling Body) DKI Jakarta

The idea of Exit Buildings for Pluit seemed suitable for the area, do you remember my post last week? However, Pluit isn`t the only area in North Jakarta that faces problem of sea water level, also Pantai Mutiara is worrying.

BPBD had a chance to visit Pantai Mutiara early this June when a dyke was perforated. It caused an impact to 4 blocks consisting 124 houses or around 50% of the area was flooded. The dyke construction wasn`t strong enough. Years ago the dyke was built in quite high level, but as time went by the sea water has also been rising. What happened less than a month ago was because the dyke couldn`t stand to hold the water anymore and it cracked!

Water has the power to push everything even when there`s just a little crack. What happened to Pantai Mutiara has reminded us that good dyke design doesn`t guarantee its strength if maintenance isn`t applied well. The sea next to Pantai Mutiara has high tide, so the dyke has to be watched carefully. Maintenance is crucial!

Of course, we don`t pray for sinking Jakarta, so please let your friends who live in Pantai Mutiara notice about this. Stay safe!


Weatherforecast: heavy rains

Rain in June? It could be not just in Sapardi’s poetry!Who Hary Tirto Djatmiko
Organisation BMKG (Badan Meteorologi,Klimatologi dan Geofisika) / Indonesia`s Non Departmental Government Organisation on Meteorology,Climatology and Geophysics.
Position Head of Public Relations Department
Highlights Lecturer at STMKG (Institute of Meteorology,Climatology & Geophysics); speaker for disaster risk reduction.

Have you heard the weather forecast? You don t know a reliable source? Don`t worry, BMKG has open 24-hour weather information service for you. Contact us! If you want to know the latest forecast.
You can call us (021) 6546315/18. Or you can also visit our website on http://web.meteo.bmkg.go.id or simply follow our Twitter @infobmkg.
You should be aware of heavy rain potential in all over Indonesia, including until 20th June 2016. The atmosphere condition has become unstable, we`ve also noticed that there might be potential disasters like flash flood, landslide or fallen tree on the road during the heavy rain.
If you keep yourself update and close with BMKG, you will always know such urgent information immediately. Follow us and be safe!


Exit Building, safe from floods

Who Basuki Rakhmat
Position Controlling Section Head
Organisation BPBD (Local Disaster Handling Body) DKI Jakarta

Familiar with Pluit, North Jakarta? Maybe you know the malls there very well. But have you ever been there when flood happens?

People in Pluit have experienced terrible floods. Due to its limited access roads, that area is one of the hardest to reach during disaster. And it`s hard to escape from too. Our standard evacuation in Pluit is by using boats evacuating stranded people from their houses.

However, we have a better idea – particularly for Pluit: Exit Buildings. It`s a designated medium rise building. Having nothing below with several upper storeys. This could be temporary evacuation area; a temporary homy shelter. This building has to be situated among people`s houses. Not just one building, but more if that is needed. Pluit residents can run to it and stay there until the water subsides. Or if the disaster lasts longer, at least, they will be in a safer and higher place than their own houses, while waiting for our rescue team to come. So, why not Exit Building? Let`s start thinking about making it!


Saving animals from drowning

Femke den HaasWho Femke den Haas
Organisation JAAN – Jakarta Animal Aid Network (Founder)
Highlight Expert in wildlifers skill

When flood occurs, which one is more important: rescuing human or animals first? Get confused? Well don`t! JAAN is here to take responsibility for animals rescue. As the founder of JAAN, I would say that we feel the urge to save animals during flood in Jakarta, that`s why we also have flood management to deal with animals.
In 2015, we rescued 14 dogs in Sunter and 5 dogs in Bukit Duri during the floods. We actually wanted to save even more dogs, but tracing in the middle of flood was challenging. Sometimes we used an inflatable boat and some other time we could only utilise a rope – even a 10-metre one!
It can be understood that flood makes people to evacuate within short notice, and no wonder that animals like dogs were left behind. This is the function of JAAN, we have special equipments to rescue animals and we also actively searching for them. In the process of rescuing, we also take permission from local authorities to make them aware that we take the abandoned animals to be given back to the owners. Yes, saving animals, no other purpose!Femke den Haas


Tailor-Made Weather Information

IMG_2551(1)Who: Hary Tirto Djatmiko
Organisation: BMKG (Badan Meteorologi,Klimatologi dan Geofisika) / Indonesia`s Non Departmental Government Organisation on Meteorology,Climatology and Geophysics.
Position: Head of Sub-Section on Meteorology Information
Highlights: Lecturer at STMKG (Institute of Meteorology,Climatology & Geophysics); speaker for disaster risk reduction.

Weather is indeed uneasy to be predicted, just like what I mentioned on my previous post. But when BMKG has accomplished a forecast, it cannot be sent directly to everybody because weather information is a tailor-made one. The right information is shared to the right users. Let`s say for aviation industry, international regulation orders not to deliver a prediction but information of weather instead. It`s updated every 30 minutes aside from take off and landing using particular encrypted code that is only understood by navigation officials.

How about the forecast for you? Well, the data source is the same but there are two categories; routine weather prediction and `depend on` prediction. The routine one has monthly, weekly, daily and per 6 hours update while the next one is called as `Early Weather Warning` released by BMKG to inform specific information related to heavy rain with storm and strong wind. It`s released weekly, per 3 days, daily, per 6 hours and every time. The `every time` one is the one blasted often on WhatsApp groups, SMS and Twitter. By this regular warning, BMKG can inform people when there is significant weather condition so they can prepare any possibilities. I told you: predicting weather is not easy.

IMG_4370(1)


I am a beach girl

Syarifah DalimuntheName: Syarifah Dalimunthe
Proffesion: Researcher
Expertise: Geography, Human Geography Disaster Studies
Organisation: Research Center for Population at the Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI)

Hello Jakartans. I am a beach girl, being born in Cilacap, I began to have interest in coastal communities after my first visit to North Jakarta during a chest-high flood.
I know a lot of you Jakartans love the beach, but how many actually love going to YOUR beach, instead of the ones in Bali or Belitung? Hmm. I don’t blame you. Jakarta is a coastal city, but it only has less than 15 kilometers of public beaches, and most of these areas are not very clean! I have visited many beaches for my work and I think when people can feel like they own the beach, they will look after it and making it a nicer place to hang out. How about that? Who wouldn’t’ t like to have his own beach.
Syarifah Dalimunthe


Predicting weather isn’t easy

rsz_img_3668(1)Who Hary Tirto Djatmiko
Organisation BMKG (Badan Meteorologi,Klimatologi dan Geofisika) / Indonesia`s Non Departmental Government Organisation on Meteorology,Climatology and Geophysics.
Position Head of Sub-Section on Meteorology Information
Highlights Lecturer at STMKG (Institute of Meteorology,Climatology & Geophysics); speaker for disaster risk reduction.

Jakarta`s weather is unique; it can be very hot in rainy season and sudden quick rain can happen in dry season. Nobody knows as it`s unpredictable and confusing for many of you. Perhaps you need a bit help of prediction from BMKG.

Weather isn`t as simple as guessing will it be bright or raining tomorrow. Do you want to know how we do it?

BMKG has whatsocalled observation data both manually and automatically. There is also data exchange that follows international regulation. It`s a step of having data from all over the world to be processed. After this, some countries do re-broadcasting to make a weather model.

The weather model becomes BMKG`s tool to make a prediction analogy. The anaysis are related to a lot of elements like: temperature, humidity, air pressure, direction & wind speed. All of them are collected and can result to a single weather information. Predicting weather isn’ t easy.


Water for Your Apartments

IMG_696701(1)Who Sawarendro
Position/Company Deputy Representative & Project Manager/Witteveen+bos
Expertise Water infrastructure
Organisation ILWI / Indonesian Land Reclamation & Water Management (chairman)

It`s been months since my last post and ever since I`ve found a little more thought to share. Hello, it`s me again, Sawarendro.

I talked about reclamation and hydrology process in previous posts, but now I want to discuss something closer to our surrounding; apartment buildings. Who doesn`t realise that Jakarta`s scenery is already full with apartments? And I believe many of you have chosen to live on it. Especially present day Jakarta`s apartments are within superblock concept; some with malls and offices. Home provision wise, its existence supports increasing needs of shelter in fast growing Jakarta. But how about the water?

One fact about Jakarta is that the use of piped water is still below 50%, meaning that most citizens still depend on land water. But, I`m glad that North Jakarta governance has applied the right regulation; water for apartments should be taken from processed sea or river water. So, no land water is permitted for apartments use in that area.

And to control the water use, I have a very simple advise: count how many apartment units and it can be multiplied by averagely 150 litres of water per day per unit. And government knows how much to audit. Easy!


Know your history, don’t be stupid

Adolf HeukenWho: Adolf Heuken
Profession: Priest, Writer
Expertise: History
Organisation: Yayasan Cipta Loka Caraka

I think people who don’t know their own history are stupid. Unfortunately, many people in Jakarta are exactly this way. They simply live there, without knowing the city’s history. But how could they know? So many heritage and historical buildings in Jakarta has been destroyed to make way for roads, office buildings, or parking lots and malls. If this keeps happening, Jakarta will be a boring city.
A city deprived of its own history. All that’s left are shopping malls, and what’s so special about them? You can see malls anywhere else in the world! Heritage matters. But you have to manage it well, otherwise the area will just deteriorate.

Jakarta Utara is particularly rich in history. There are some heritage buildings left. The government has to make it easier for people to visit the area and do business there. Build better roads, ensure better access and give people a reason to go to the area. For example rehabilitate heritage buildings and use them for learning centers. After all, this is where Jakarta began.


Guarding Monkeys

rsz_main_visual_adolf_heukeun_postWho: Adolf Heuken
Profession: Priest, Writer
Expertise: History
Organisation: Yayasan Cipta Loka Caraka

Do you know how the Harmoni area in Central Jakarta got its name? And do you know why there is a street near Harmoni that used to be called Jaga Monyet (guarding monkeys)? Let me tell you, you will like this Harmoni is named after a beautiful colonial-style building that used to be there. Where people would drink, chat and dance away the night. But it was demolished to make way for a road. The street near that building used to be called Jaga Monyet (guarding monkeys) because there was nothing but forest beyond that area, and so the soldiers standing guard had not much to do but watch the monkeys play in the trees.

Ever wondered why there is no single house of worship in the Kota Tua area? Colonials who lived in that area didn’t want any mosques or Chinese temples nearby. There were churches once, but they got torn down as well. How interesting is Jakarta’s history. So many stories to tell! And this is not surprising considering the city’s age. For 150 years back in the colonial era, it was even the biggest port in Asia. Unfortunately, not many Jakartans know how rich with stories their city is.


200 Football fields

Masalah Sampah Jakarta Tak Sedap BaunyaName: Enri Damanhuri
Expertise: Waste Management
Organisation: Bandung Institute of Technology
Profession: Lecturer, Researcher

You probably can’t smell it from where you are, but the stench is going to catch up sooner or later. The Bantar Gebang landfill in Bekasi, whose size measures up to over 200 Football fields, is choking with garbage.

Jakartans cannot afford to keep dumping all their waste there and pretend it will disappear. That’s one garbage problem north east of Jakarta, but there are similar problems in your neighborhoods too. I estimate only around 80 percent of Jakarta’s neighborhoods are serviced with garbage collection system. That means over 465,000 households have to deal with the garbage their own way, and this might mean dumping into the rivers. Some neighborhoods are operating ‘garbage banks’, in which residents collect garbage and give them to ‘bankers’ to sell. Residents can then collect their money monthly. It’s like scavenging, just more organised. This is not enough. Jakarta needs to stop dumping all its waste in the same place, and adopt a new technology, such as incinerating waste to produce energy. Sure, the energy produced might only be able to power less than 10 percent of the city’s needs, but it will get rid of 80 percent of the waste. The city produces 6,000 tons of garbage everyday. That is the weight of 300 articulated transjakarta busses. This will transform 4,800 tons of waste into energy.Not bad!Masalah Sampah Jakarta Tak Sedap Baunya


Jakarta bay: where seawater meets freshwater

IMG_8191_11Name: Riza Damanik
Chair of the Indonesian Traditional Fishermen Union (KNTI).
Organisation: Indonesian Traditional Fishermen Union (KNTI).
Expertise: Traditional Fishermen welfare, marine environment.

“Jakarta bay is an estuary, where sea water meets fresh water, where warmth meets coolness. It is supposed to be bountiful. So how come fishermen are having such a hard time making a living there? According to a nation-wide research by The People’s Coalition for Fisheries Justice Indonesia (KIARA), who uses the Jakarta Bay fishermen population as one of its samples, the number of fishermen in Jakarta is declining rapidly. Each day, 116 fishermen in Indonesia have to leave their profession. In Jakarta bay it is because of  water pollution and development projects that do not accommodate fishermen’s needs.
I think the government should do two things to improve the lives of Jakarta bay fishermen. First, it needs to audit the water pollution, to find out who are behind it, and then stop the pollution. We have known for years that the bay and the rivers running to it are polluted. Polluted waters mean that fishermen are getting less and less catch and they have to venture further out to sea to fish. Second, the government should have development plans that benefit the lives and livelihoods of the fishermen. These plans should improve the living space of the fishermen – their homes  and their working space – the water they fish in, as well. It is time to take action against it before all fisherman have disappeared from the bay.


Jakarta has to change its habits

Jakarta has to change its habitsWho: Suryono Herlambang
Profession: Lecturer
Expertise: Urban Planning
Organisation: Tarumanagara University Jakarta

“Hi, my name is Suryono Herlambang. I teach Urban Planning at the Tarumanagara University, Jakarta. If you ask me about this ‘Giant Seawall’ or sometimes called ‘Great Garuda’ project because of its shape, I would say I disagree with it.
Instead of going through with this costly, highly symbolic project in the sea, I think we would be better off dealing with the problem in the city itself.
We know land subsidence is due to excessive usage of ground water. Then why not halt massive development projects in the city to address this problem, instead of building a sea wall? It would be pointless to build the wall if we still use ground water excessively, and the latest detailed plans for Jakarta in fact shows higher development intensity.

Also, if the sea wall is actually a disaster mitigation project, is it proper to make it commercial? I doubt that affordable housing, which is said to be lacking in Jakarta, can come out of this.
Instead, we should build affordable housing near transit points of the mass transportation infrastructure currently being constructed, such as the MRT.
What makes more sense to me is building affordable apartments near every MRT stations, using an arrangement that benefits former landowners, such as the land readjustment method often used in East Asian countries. Jakarta has to change its habits.”